If you are struggling to conceive, you may have heard of a fertility injection treatment as a possible option to help you get pregnant. Fertility injection treatments are a type of assisted reproductive technology (ART).
There are different types of fertility injections, depending on the cause of infertility and the individual situation of each couple. Here are some of the most common ones.
Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (HCG)
This is a hormone that mimics the natural surge of luteinizing hormone (LH) that occurs before ovulation. It is given as an injection to trigger ovulation, usually a day or so before an intrauterine insemination (IUI) or in-vitro fertilization (IVF) procedure. HCG is often used along with other fertility drugs, such as clomiphene or follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), to stimulate the growth and maturation of multiple eggs.
Follicle-Stimulating Hormone (FSH)
This is a hormone that stimulates the growth and development of follicles, which are the sacs that contain the eggs in the ovaries. It is given as an injection multiple times throughout the menstrual cycle on specific cycle days. FSH can be used alone or in combination with other fertility drugs, such as HCG or gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) analogs, to induce ovulation and increase the number of eggs available for fertilization.
Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone (GnRH) Analogs
These are synthetic hormones that either stimulate or suppress the production of GnRH, which is a hormone that controls the release of FSH and LH from the pituitary gland. GnRH analogs can be used to prevent premature ovulation, which can interfere with IVF, or to synchronize ovulation with sperm retrieval or embryo transfer. They can be given as injections, nasal sprays, or implants.
Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)
This is a specialized technique in which your medical provider uses a microscopic needle to inject one sperm directly into an egg. Intracytoplasmic sperm injections can improve the chances of fertilization, especially in cases of severe male factor infertility, such as low sperm count, poor sperm motility, or abnormal sperm shape. ICSI is usually done as part of an IVF cycle.
Fertility injection treatments can be an effective way to overcome infertility and achieve pregnancy. If you are interested in learning more about fertility injections and how they work, schedule a consultation with a fertility doctor in your local area. With the help of modern technology and medical expertise, many couples have been able to overcome infertility and achieve their dream of having a baby.